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dragon boat festival history

Doing so will turn the boat right or left, respectively. This traditional Chinese watersport is held during the Tuen Ng Festival, occurring annually around May or June on the Western calendar. She jumped into the river and chased after her father. In other events or practices, the drummer of an experienced team may not hit the drum, as the team can paddle naturally together, sans a drum beat. Races measuring 200, 1000, and 2000 meters are also standard distances in international competition. Now, dragon boat races and other activities are held annually throughout ten sites in Hong Kong during this festive time. Cao E was worried about her father's safety, waiting at home anxiously. People made boats with dragon heads and tails, and held entertainment games. Once again, this was another tradition that was believed to help ward off spirits, keep evil away and bring health to the family, as well as a more practical use of repelling various insects from the house. Both the sun and the dragon are considered to be male (the moon and the mythical phoenix, however, are considered to be female). Venerating the dragon deity was meant to avert misfortune and calamity and encourage rainfall, which is needed for the fertility of the crops and thus, for the prosperity of an agrarian way of life. Although the Dragon Boat Festival has a long history, it has not always found favor with the Chinese authorities. Till the sunset, her father still didn't return. The IDBF[4] Paddle Specification 202a (PS202a)[5] has straight flared edges and circular arced shoulders, based geometrically on an equilateral triangle positioned between the blade face and the neck of the shaft. The renowned Dragon Boat Festival, also known as Tuen Ng, falls on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. Legend has it that Qu Yuan felt such remorse after the capture of his country’s capital that, after finishing his final poem, he waded into the Mi Lo River in today’s Hunan province as a form of protest and despair to the corruption surrounding him. In some places of Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces, the Dragon Boat Festival history was dated to the time of Wu Zixu in Spring and Autumn Period (770 - 476 BC). To steer, a steerer will put the blade of the oar into the water and either push the handle away from him/her, or pull it toward him/her. Since some of the well-known traditions of the festival existed even before Qu Yuan, other origins of the festival have also been suggested. A steerer uses calls to direct the paddlers. His body was thrown into river on the fifth day of May on lunar calendar. Another ritual called Awakening of the Dragon involves a Taoist priest dotting the bulging eyes of the carved dragon head attached to the boat. As a traditional festival originated from south China, the Dragon Boat Festival history in China is over 2,000 years long. She sacrificed herself for her country, and died in the same day with Qu Yuan. Hence, people hang calamus and mugwort leaves on door frames to dispel the evil spirits, and take herb water bath to prevent against skin disease. There are several different versions and legends about the origin of this festival, among which the legend of Qu Yuan is the most popular. People used to believe that eating Jiandui would help to mend the sky during the rainy season by filling up holes and stop the rain from continuing. A steerer can also use the steering oar to adjust the position of the boat by cranking. Of the twelve animals which make up the traditional Chinese zodiac, only the Dragon is a mythical creature. Dragon boat racing is one of Hong Kong’s most colourful, competitive summer events. For the festivals and holidays associated with dragon boats, see, Organizations, recognition and popular culture. They turned to beating drums, splashing water with their paddles and throwing the rice dumplings into the water – serving as both an offering to Qu Yuan’s spirit, as well as a means to keep the fish and evil spirits away from his body. The Chinese pay great attention to cooking, with thousands of years of development and recipes that transcend from generation to generation to fulfill the cultural traditions that are followed and celebrated today. On that day, all the poisonous animals and insects would come out, such as snakes, scorpions and centipedes. Doing so symbolizes the dragon ending its slumber and reenergizing its spirit, or ch'i. What is the legend of the Dragon Boat Festival? Qiu Jin, a woman revolutionist and feminist in modern Chinese history. To prevent his corpse from fishes' gnawing, people also threw Zongzi (sticky rice dumplings) to feed the creatures in the water. [6] Both Sport and Festival racing are very competitive and many paddlers train year round, using paddling machines or pools in addition to on-water sessions.[7]. A dragon boat is a human-powered watercraft originating from the Pearl River Delta region of China's southern Guangdong Province. This is common in the Nanchang region. They believed this would not only protect them from the diseases but from evil spirits too. As the culture focuses heavily on food, different food items hold a different significance depending on the festival being celebrated and the region in which it is celebrated. Dragon boat racing was historically situated in the Chinese subcontinent's southern-central "rice bowl"; where there were rice paddies, so there were dragon boats, too. These boats are typically made of carbon fiber, fiberglass, and other lightweight materials. Cao E, a girl at age of 14 in Eastern Han Dynasty (202 BC - 220 AD), lived an austere life with his father in a fishing village. [3] Dragon boats, however, do vary in length and the crew size changes accordingly, from small dragon boats with only 10 paddlers up to traditional boats which have upwards of 50 paddlers, plus drummer(s) and steerer.

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