hosea 2 commentary
So far as the fulfilment of this prophecy is concerned, the fact that the patriarchal promise of the innumerable multiplication of Israel is to be realized through the pardon and restoration of Israel, as the nation of the living God, shows clearly enough that we are not to look for this in the return of the ten tribes from captivity to Palestine, their native land. The promise attaches itself in form to the names of the children of the prophet. make . In two strophes we have first the promise of their conversion (Hosea 2:14-17), and secondly, the assurance of the renewal of the covenant mercies (Hosea 2:18-23). Plead--expostulate. Otherwise this resolution would rest upon mere caprice, which cannot be thought of in God” (Hengstenberg). In the marriage referred to, the husband had redeemed the wife out of the deepest misery, to unite himself with her. The failure to reach or find the lovers, who are sought with zeal ((riddēph), (piel) in an intensive sense, to pursue eagerly), denotes the failure to secure what is sought from them, viz., the anticipated deliverance from the calamity, which the living God has sent as a punishment. The vineyards and fig-orchards, so carefully hedged about and cultivated, are to be turned into a forest, i.e., to be deprived of their hedges and cultivation, so that the wild beasts may be able to devour them. . Print. However, most of the Mosaic feasts, "new-moons" and "sabbaths" to Jehovah, remained, but to degenerate Israel worship was a weariness; they cared only for the carnal indulgence on them ( Amos 8:5 ). Here עשׂה ל has rather the general meaning “apply to anything,” just as in 2 Chronicles 24:7, where it occurs in a perfectly similar train of thought. Hosea 4:13; 2 Kings 17:11). . נבלוּה, lit., a withered state, from נבל, to be withered or faded, probably denotes, as Hengstenberg says, corpus multa stupra passum, and is rendered freely in the lxx by ἀκαθαρσία . On נאם יהוה, see Delitzsch on Isaiah 1:24. (Note: As Umbreit observes, “It is as though we heard the exalted harmonies of the connected powers of creation, sending forth their notes as they are sustained and moved by the eternal key-note of the creative and moulding Spirit.”). Comp. Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. But as even the love and compassion of God have their limits, the Lord still further adds, “in faithfulness or constancy,” and thereby gives the promise that He will not more withdraw His mercy from her.
In two strophes we have first the promise of their conversion ( Hosea 2:14-17 ), and secondly, the assurance of the renewal of the covenant mercies ( Hosea 2:18-23 ). .
“My corn,” etc., is the corn, the must, which I have given. APPLICATION OF THE SYMBOLS IN THE FIRST CHAPTER. . Biblical Commentary Hosea 2:14-20 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The book of Hosea is the first of the twelve Minor Prophets. This is involved in לעולם, “for ever,” whereas the former covenant had been broken and dissolved by the wife's own guilt. . There is hardly any need to say that these words to not refer to the sojourn of Israel in the Arabian desert; for there the Lord fed His people with manna from heaven, and gave them water to drink out of the rock. Egypt, the Arabian desert, and Canaan are types. unto . The suffixes attached to שׂמתּים and אכלתם refer to גּפן וּתאנה (the vine and fig-tree), and not merely to the fruit. This promise rests upon Leviticus 26:3., and is still further expanded in Ezekiel 34:25. . . As Rückert aptly says, “The significant pair give place to the thing signified; Israel itself appears as the adulterous woman.” The Lord Himself will set bounds to her adulterous conduct, i.e., to the idolatry of the Israelites. Jesus Christ—Unique Savior or Average Fraud? Is Hell eternal torment or eternal death. Is My Church Really A New Testament Church? forgat me--worse than the nations which had never known God. righteousness . The valley of Achor, which was situated to the north of Gilgal and Jericho (see at Joshua 7:26), is mentioned by the prophet, not because of its situation on the border of Palestine, nor on account of its fruitfulness, of which nothing is known, but with an evident allusion to the occurrence described in Joshua 7, from which it obtained its name of (‛Akhōr), Troubling. . . . And this also accounts for the fact that, in the threat which follows in Hosea 2:6, “I hedge up thy way,” the other herself is again directly addressed. “And it comes to pass in that day, is the saying of Jehovah, thou wilt call, My husband; and thou wilt no more call to me, My Baal.” The church will then enter once more into the right relation to its God. 19, 20. The name of the idol is found in the Phoenician Hannibal, Hasdrubal. (t) That is, my master: which name was applied to their idols. The day of the wife's birth is the time of Israel's oppression and bondage in Egypt, when it was given up in helplessness to its oppressors. All the Prayers in the Bible - Old and New Testaments. The Life of Jesus: Lord, Liar or Lunatic? The children had reason to plead, because the mother was no longer the wife of Jehovah, and Jehovah was no longer her husband, i.e., because she had dissolved her marriage with the Lord; and the inward, moral dissolution of the covenant of grace would be inevitably followed by the outward, actual dissolution, viz., by the rejection of the nation. “And I lay waste her vine and her fig-tree, of which she said, They are lovers' wages to me, which my lovers gave me; and I make them a forest, and the beasts of the field devour them.” Vine and fig-tree, the choicest productions of the land of Canaan, are mentioned as the representatives of the rich means of sustenance with which the Lord had blessed His people (cf. Used by Permission. . This is evident from the explanation given in Hosea 2:23: “And I sow her for myself in the land, and favour Unfavoured, and say to Not-my-people, Thou art my people; and it says to me, My God.” זרע does not mean “to strew,” or scatter (not even in Zechariah 10:9; cf. when she came . out of her sight--rather, "from her face." Commentary on Hosea 1:2-10 . ), and the word cannot be traced to תּנן, to extend; whilst, on the other hand, the תּנה, התנה (Hosea 8:9-10) is most probably a denominative of אתנה. What Is The Evidence For/Against The Existence Of God? and concluded his work about 722 B.C., shortly before the Assyrian conquest of Israel … Their Worm Does Not Die: Annihilation and Mark 9:48, Evidence for the Resurrection - William Lane Craig -Text and Audio, The Evidence for Jesus - William Lane Craig - Text and Video. The deliverance out of this bondage was the time of the divine courtship; and the conclusion of the covenant with the nation that had been brought out of Egypt, the time of the marriage. “Beasts of the field,” as distinguished from the same domestic animals ((behēmâh)), are beasts that live in freedom in the fields, either wild beasts, or game that devours or injures the fruits of the field. "Commentary on Hosea 2:4". born--( Ezekiel 16:4 , Ezekiel 23:25 Ezekiel 23:26 Ezekiel 23:28 Ezekiel 23:29 ).
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